Composting is a good way of getting rid of organic waste. You don’t need much to start composting, it is after all a natural process. But you can also try vermicomposting, it is easy and you don’t have to invest much to get started. But what is vermicomposting?
Vermicomposting is the process of worms turning organic waste into fertilizer. Far from everyone likes worms and reject vermicomposting. But vermicomposting is very efficient and you don’t need to deal with the worms.
Vermicomposting is a very good solution for indoor composting. Contrary to what many think, a vermicompost doesn’t smell and the worms will not leave the compost. The truth is that vermicomposting has a number of advantages, as already mentioned it is very efficient. Other advantages are that very little space is required, it produces high-quality fertilizer and requires very little maintenance. All in all, it is a clean and efficient solution.
The initial investment is small, all you need is a few compost trays and worms. You need special worms but they are cheap. You can make your own compost bin but worm composts are relatively cheap and will last a very long time. Note that worms prefer to stay close to the surface, you want to maximize the surface area rather than using one deep compost bin. The standard solution is a compost bin made up of trays.
A set of stackable trays allow the worms to move upwards to the next tray once they have eaten their way through the food in the current tray. Plastic bins are excellent for vermicomposting, they are cheap and durable. Note that the worms don’t like light, they prefer darkness.
As mentioned earlier, you need special worms. In most cases, red wrigglers are used but some other breeds of worms are also used. A red wriggler worm eats roughly half of its weight each and every day. In North America, worms are typically sold by the pound. One pound averages about 1000 worms.
It is best not to overfeed your worms, otherwise your compost can turn into a garbage bin which may start to smell and attract flies. Since the worms eat roughly half their weight every day, one pound of worms need half a pound of food waste.
Note that you can’t feed the worms all your food waste. Meat and dairy products should never be put into a compost, including vermicomposts. Grease and oil are two other products that should never go into a vermicompost. You should also be careful with salty food, too much salt may dry out the worms.